Popular Dental Words and Definitions
A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection.
Wear and tear on the teeth
A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture.
The process where the enamel is prepared to improve the bond of a filling or sealant.
The permanent teeth of adulthood that either replace the primary dentition or erupt distally to the primary molars.
A silver filling material.
An agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling.
The front position.
The end of the root.
Showing no symptoms.
Wear of teeth due to activities such as chewing.
An injury that causes a tooth to be completely knocked out of the mouth.
A sticky film that coats the teeth and contains bacteria.
A kind of dental x-ray which is taken with the teeth bite together. The primary function of this kind of x-ray is to detect cavities in between teeth and height of bone support.
Whitening of teeth.
Bottle Mouth Caries
Decay on baby teeth from putting a baby to bed with a bottle.
A prosthesis which is fixed inside the mouth to replace missing teeth.
The space in the tooth containing the pulp tissue and nerve of the tooth
The third tooth from the middle of the jaw. There are four of them. They are the longest teeth in humans.
Ulceration with a yellow base and red border in the mouth. It can be caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus.
A hole in the tooth.
A model of teeth.
The process of “gluing” the appliance/prosthesis on the associated area.
The hard connective tissue covering the root of the tooth
An anti-microbial agent. It is available in many forms such as gels and rinses. It is an effective agent in controlling gum diseases.
A metal arm extended from a removable partial denture. It helps to hold onto natural tooth structure and thus provide anchorage for the denture.
When the roof of the mouth does not form completely
Clamping and pressing the teeth together
An ulcer or blister on the lip. A form of herpes simplex.
An abnormal bite relationship between the upper and lower jaw. The lower teeth/tooth align toward the check/ lip side more than the upper teeth/tooth.
A crown is almost like a “cap” on a tooth. It covers the tooth partially or totally above the gum to restore its function and outlook.
A soft substance caused by the bacterial demineralization of enamel and dentin an infection within a tooth. Must be treated.
Primary or baby teeth
A branch of medicine that involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concerning teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures.
The inside layer of the tooth under the enamel
The position, type, and a number of teeth in the upper and lower jaw.
(Immediate/complete/partial) (overdenture, temporary)
An artificial object to replace missing teeth and their neighboring structures. There are many different types of the denture to satisfy different treatment requirements and patient preferences.
The person who specializes in fabricating dentures. A Denturist is not responsible for making any diagnosis or carrying out any other treatment (e.g., removing teeth).
A procedure to reduce the sensitivity of teeth.
The process of identifying dental disease.
The space between two adjacent teeth.
A direction indication in the mouth. It indicates the direction away from the middle of the jaw.
The hard outer layer of the tooth
A department of dentistry involving diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of the dental pulp (where the nerves and blood vessels are inside the tooth).
Wear on the teeth from acids
The process of the tooth appearing in the mouth.
The action of cutting something off.
When a tooth may be pushed partially out of the socket.
Pus, inflammation, Necrosis, Death of the tissue
A restoration placed on a tooth to restore its function and appearance.
A temporary denture to replace missing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment.
A thread/tape that goes in between teeth for cleaning.
A compound of fluorine (an element) which be put in different forms such as water, gels, and rinses to strengthen teeth.
Teeth treatment with fluoride agents like gel or rinse. It helps to prevent tooth decay.
When a cusp of a tooth becomes weakened, a fracture may result. It is possible for the crack to extend further into the root and damage to the pulp is commonplace.
A metal skeleton of a removable partial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments.
Tissue attachment found between in the upper and lower front teeth, under the tongue and cheeks
Removal of the frenum
Full mouth debridement
Removal of heavy buildup of plaque and calculus
The mildest form of gum disease: inflammation of the gum. The earliest sign is bleeding gum.
Removal of the tissue surrounding the tooth
Licensed Dental professional
A condition where a tooth is not able to come in normal or is stuck underneath another tooth or bone.
A device (usually “screw-like”) put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, a denture or a bridge.
A mold taken by some jelly-like material loaded on a tray.
The cutting edge of front teeth.
The four upper and lower front teeth.
A restoration (usually gold, composite or ceramics) fabricated in the lab that cements on a tooth like a missing puzzle piece. It helps to restore the normal function and outlook of the tooth.
The space between two adjacent teeth.
The side of the tooth towards the tongue.
Improper alignment of the teeth and chewing surfaces
Teeth on the bottom or lower jaw
Teeth on the top or upper jaw
The side of the tooth towards the middle of the jaw.
The last three upper and lower teeth on both sides of the mouth.
A device to wear in the mouth. Depending on the design of it, it prevents injury to teeth and/or jaw during teeth grinding or sports events.
A mouthguard which is worn at night time.
The nerve had died, or no blood flow to the tooth
The biting surface of the back teeth.
Adjusting the bite
Removable mouthpiece used when patients grind their teeth
The way how the upper and lower teeth close together.
A restoration covers the entire biting surface of a tooth.
The situation where the upper teeth not able to contact the opposing lower teeth.
Pertaining to the mouth
A specialized field in dentistry which involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bite abnormalities or facial irregularities.
The overlap of upper teeth and lower teeth when they close together.
The portion of filling material that hangs beyond the border of the cavity.
The roof of the mouth.
An x-ray film used to obtain a wide view of the upper and lower jaw and their associated structures.
An opening on a tooth or other oral structure.
The surrounding of the bottom of the root of a tooth.
A specialty of dentistry involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of gum (periodontal) disease.
Adult’s teeth. The first permanent tooth usually comes in around six years old.
Inflammation of the gingival tissue
Teeth cleaning after a deep scaling
A sticky substance composed of bacteria that accumulates on the teeth
A process to make the tooth, filling or denture smooth and glossy.
The false tooth in a bridge or denture to replace the missing tooth.
A big pin which can be made with different materials such as metal or carbon. Its function usually is to support a significant buildup on a tooth.
Located at the back.
An approval from the particular authority (usually insurance company in dentistry) before any action (treatment) is carried out.
Medication needing to be taken before treatment. Usually an antibiotic.
The two teeth located in front of the molar.
A written statement (from a doctor to a pharmacist) regarding the type, the amount and direction of the use of a medication for a patient. In dentistry, a prescription can also be a written statement for preparation of an appliance from a dentist to a lab technician.
The procedure of teeth polishing. It also means the prevention of diseases.
An artificial part to replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
A specialty of dentistry involving diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of artificial parts to replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
The innermost part of a tooth. It contains nerves and blood vessels inside a tooth.
The removal of the whole pulp inside a tooth.
The removal of the top part of the pulp inside a tooth.
An x-ray picture of the teeth
The regular checkup and teeth cleaning appointment.
The process of “gluing” the appliance/prosthesis back on the associated area.
An item a dentist uses to restore the normal function of a tooth or an area in the mouth. It can be a filling, a crown, a bridge, etc.
A device used for maintaining the position of teeth in the jaw in orthodontic treatment.
The process of repeating the root canal treatment.
The bottom part of the tooth. It anchors the tooth to its supporting units.
The canal that runs inside the root of the tooth. It contains the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth.
Root canal treatment
Treatment for the root canal inside the tooth.
The action of cleaning the root area of teeth.
A rubber sheet that fits around teeth. It isolates the treatment area from the rest of the oral cavity.
The action of cleaning teeth below the gumline.
A thin layer of plastic-like material covering the grooves and pits on a tooth to prevent cavity.
The use of medication to calm a patient.
An appliance to maintain the space between teeth.
An appliance or a material to prevent movement of a mobile part.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)
The joint that links the two parts of the jaw.
The tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth and placed over the root surface
An outgrowth of bone. It usually develops on the roof of the mouth or around the premolar area on the lower jaw.
A layer of tooth-colored material (can be porcelain, composite, or ceramics) that attaches to the front of the tooth. It is usually used to improve the appearance of the tooth.
A living tooth with healthy blood flow
The eighth (also the last) tooth from the middle of the jaw.